Entrepreneurial potential among polytechnic higher education students

Orlando Lima Rua

Abstract


Purpose: The main goal of this article is to analyze the entrepreneurial potential of the Polytechnic higher education students.

Design/methodology/approach: For this purpose, we use a quantitative methodological approach, having applied a questionnaire to a sample of students enrolled in the entrepreneurship curricular unit of the School of Accounting and Administration (ISCAP) of the Polytechnic Institute of Porto (IPP).

Findings: Based on data collection from 227 undergraduate students in entrepreneurship from Portugal, the results allow us to conclude that personal desirability positively enhances the intention to start a business. On the other hand, perceived difficulties negatively enhances that intention.

Research limitations: As the main limitation of this study we highlight the fact that this is a unique case study can, in itself, constitute a limitation, advising on the future development of multiple case studies to consolidate the results obtained now.

Practical implications: This study provides guidance for managers and teachers of higher education polytechnic institutions when adopting policies that have implications on the consolidation of an organizational culture focused on entrepreneurship and which thus competently meets the demands of society’s new paradigms. These implications will result in the implementation of an entrepreneurship curricular unit with programme, teaching methodologies and assessment, in order to train more skilled entrepreneurs.

Originality/value: The majority of studies concerning the entrepreneurial potential is basically targeted at universities (or university students). This study consists in analyzing entrepreneurial potential in higher education polytechnic students.

 

Keywords: Entrepreneurial potential, polytechnic students, business creation.

 

 

[PT]

Título: "Potencial empreendedor entre estudantes do ensino superior politécnico"

Resumo

Objetivos: O objetivo principal deste artigo é analisar o potencial empreendedor dos estudantes do ensino superior politécnico.

Desenho/metodologia/abordagem: Para esse fim, utilizamos uma abordagem metodológica quantitativa, aplicando um questionário a uma amostra de alunos matriculados na unidade curricular de empreendedorismo da Escola de Contabilidade e Administração (ISCAP) do Instituto Politécnico do Porto (IPP).

Resultados: Com base na coleta de dados de 227 estudantes de graduação em empreendedorismo de Portugal, os resultados permitem concluir que a conveniência pessoal melhora positivamente a intenção de iniciar um negócio. Por outro lado, as dificuldades percebidas aumentam negativamente essa intenção.

Limitações: Como principal limitação deste estudo, destacamos o fato de que este é um estudo de caso único que, por si só, pode constituir uma limitação, aconselhando o desenvolvimento futuro de vários estudos de caso para consolidar os resultados obtidos agora.

Implicações: este estudo orienta gestores e professores de instituições politécnicas de ensino superior ao adotar políticas que tenham implicações na consolidação de uma cultura organizacional focada no empreendedorismo e que, assim, atenda com competência às demandas dos novos paradigmas da sociedade. Essas implicações resultarão na implementação de uma unidade curricular de empreendedorismo com programa, metodologias de ensino e avaliação, a fim de formar empreendedores mais qualificados.

Originalidade/valor: a maioria dos estudos sobre o potencial empreendedor é basicamente voltada para universidades (ou estudantes universitários). Este estudo consiste em analisar o potencial empreendedor de estudantes politécnicos do ensino superior.

 

Palavras-chave: Potencial empreendedor, estudantes politécnicos, criação de empresas.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, A., Topping K. J. and Tariq, R. H. (2011). “Entrepreneurial Attitudes among Potential Entrepreneurs”. Pak. J. Commer. Soc. Sci., Vol 5 No 1, 12-46.

Ajzen, I. (1987). “Attitudes, traits, and actions: Dispositional prediction of behaviour in social psychology”, In L. Berkowitz (Ed.). Advances in experimental social psychology Vol. 20, 1-63 Academic Press, New York.

Ajzen, I. (1991). “Theory of planned behaviour”. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol. 50, 179–211.

Ajzen, I. and Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes & predicting social behaviour. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Armitage, C. J. and Conner, M. (2001). “Efficacy of the theory of planned behaviour: A meta-analytic review”. British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 40, 471–499.

Barbosa, S. D., Gerhardt, M. W. and Kickul, J. R. (2007). “The Role of Cognitive Style and Risk Preference on Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intentions”. Journal of Leadership e Organizational Studies, Vol. 13 No 4, 86–104.

Baron, R. A. (2000), “Psychological perspectives on entrepreneurship: cognitive and social factors in entrepreneurs’ success”. Current Directions in Psychological Science. Vol. 9 No 1, 15-18.

Baum, J. R., Locke, E. A. and Smith, K. G. (2001). “A Multidimensional Model of Venture Growth”, Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 44 No 2, 292-303.

Bird, B. (1989). Entrepreneurial behaviour, Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman & Company.

Bechard, J. P. and Toulouse, J. M. (1998). “Validation of a didactic model for the analysis of training objectives in entrepreneurship”. Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 13 No 4, 317-332.

Brännback, M., Krueger, N., Carsrud, A. and Elfving, J. (2007). “”Trying” to be an entrepreneur? A “goal-specific” challenge to the intentions model”. Paper presented at the Babson Collegiate Entrepreneurship Research Conference, June, Madrid.

Bryman, A. and Cramer, D (2005). Quantitative Data Analysis with SPSS 12 and 13: A Guide for Social Scientists. London: Routledge.

Carsrud, A., Krueger, N., Brännback, M., Kickul, J. and Elfving, J. (2007). “The Family Business Pipeline: Where Norms and Modeling Make a Difference”, Paper presented at Academy of Management Conference, 2007.

Correia Santos, S., Caetano, A., Curral, L. and Spagnoli, P. (2010). “How to assess the entrepreneurial potential?” International Council for Small Business 2010: Entrepreneurship: Bridging Global Boundaries, Cincinatti, Ohio.

Courneya, K. S., Conner, M. and Rhodes, R. E. (2006). “Effects of different measurement scales on the variability and predictive validity of the “two-component” model of the theory of planned behaviour in the exercise domain”. Psychology & Health, Vol. 21 No 5, 557-570.

Díaz, J. C., Hernández, R. and Barata, M. L. (2007). “Estudiantes universitarios y creación de empresas. Un análisis comparativo entre España y Portugal”. Conocimiento, Innovacion y Emprendedores: Camino al Futuro, pp. 1338–1355.

Dionco-Adetayo, E. A. (2006). “Factors influencing attitude of youth towards entrepreneurship”. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, Vol. 13 No 1-2, 12-145.

Dohse, D. and Walter, S. G. (2010). “The Role of Entrepreneurship Education and Regional Context in Forming Entrepreneurial Intentions”. Document de treball de l’IEB 2010/18, Institut D’Economia de Barcelona.

Duygu, T. and Selcuk, S. (2009). “Which factors affect entrepreneurial intention of universities students?”. Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 33 No 2, 142-159.

Garmendia, J. R, and Castellanos, A. M. (2012). “Tipología de las spin-offs en un context universitario: una propuesta de clasificación”. Cuadernos de Gestión, Vol. 12 No 1, 39-57.

Fishbein, M. and Ajzen I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention & behaviour: An introduction to theory & research. MA: Addison-Wesley: Reading.

Ismail, M., Khalid, S. A., Othman, M., Jusoff, H. K., Rahman, N. A., Kassim, K. M. and Zain, R. S. (2009). “Entrepreneurial Intention among Malaysian Undergraduates”. International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 4 No 10, 54-60.

Luthje, C. and Franke, N. (2003). “The making of an entrepreneur: testing a model of entrepreneurial intention among engineering students at MIT”. R&D Management, Vol. 33 No 2, 135-147.

Katz, J. (1992). “A Psychological Cognitive Model of Employment Status Choice”. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Fall, pp. 29-37.

Krueger, N. (1993). “The impact of prior entrepreneurial exposure on perceptions of new venture feasibility & desirability”. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, Vol. 18 No 1, 521-530.

Krueger, N. and Carsrud, A. (1993). “Entrepreneurial intentions: Applying the theory of planned behaviour”. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Vol. 5, 315–330.

Krueger, N. and Brazeal, D. (1994). “Entrepreneurial Potential and Potential Entrepreneurs”. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, Vol. 18 No 3, 91-104.

Krueger, N. and Dickson, P. (1994). “How believing in ourselves increases risk taking: Self-efficacy and perceptions of opportunity and threat”. Decision Sciences, Vol. 25, 385–400.

Krueger, N., Reilly, M. and Carsrud, A. (2000). “Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions”. Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 15 No 5/6, 411-532.

Marvel, M. R. and Lumpkin, G. T. (2007). “Entrepreneurs Human Capital and its Effects on Innovation Radicalness”. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, Vol. 31 No 6, 807-828.

Parker, S. C. and Van Praag, C. M. (2006). “Schooling, capital constraints and entrepreneurial performance: The endogenous triangle”. Journal of Business and Economics Statistics, Vol 24 No 4, pp. 416-431.

Pestana, M. H. and Gageiro, J. N. (2010). Análise de dados para ciências sociais: a complementaridade do SPSS, 5a ed., Edições Sílabo, Lisboa.

Romaní, G., Didonet, S., Contuliano, S.-H. and Portilla, R. (2013). “Propensity of University Students in the Region of Antofagasta, Chile to Create Enterprise”. Journal of Education for Business, Vol. 88 N.o 5, pp. 253-264.

Scherer, R., Adams, J., Carley, S. and Wiebe, F. (1989). “Role model performance effects on development of entrepreneurial career preference”. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, Vol. 13, 53–81.

Scherer, R., Brodzinsky, J. and Wiebe, F. (1991). “Examining the Relationship between Personality and Entrepreneurial Career Preference”. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Vol. 2, 95-206.

Sethi, J. (2008). “Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship (lecture materials - lesson-1)”, Course in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management, University of Delhi, B.A. Programme.

Shapero, A. (1982). “Social dimensions of entrepreneurship”, In C. Kent, D. Sexton, and K. Vesper (eds.), The encyclopedia of entrepreneurship, pp. 72-90. Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice Hall.

Turker, D. and Selcuk, S. S. (2009). “Which factors affect entrepreneurial intention of university students?”. Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 33 No 2, 142-159.

Vesper, K. H. (1990). New Venture Strategies. Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice-Hall.

Vesper, K. H. and McMullan, W. E. (1988). “Entrepreneurship: Today courses, tomorrow degrees?”. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, Vol. 13 No 1, 7-13.

Wang, C. K., & Wong, P. K. (2004). “Entrepreneurial interest of university students in Singapore”. Technovation, Vol. 24 No 2, 163-72.




Copyright (c) 2016 European Journal of Applied Business and Management

ISSN: 2183-5594 

Indexing: GOOGLE SCHOLAR - LATINDEX - DRJI - ICI JOURNALS MASTER - REDIB