Transferência de conhecimento e dinâmica de inovação no relacionamento universidade empresa – o caso do Politécnico de Setúbal

Vasco Pedro Gorjao, Pedro Dominguinhos

Abstract


Objetivo geral: Analisar e compreender como é que o IPS se relaciona com as empresas da região e avaliar o impacto na capacidade de inovação empresarial.

Objetivos específicos: Traçar um perfil das empresas que cooperam com o IPS. Perceber quais os fluxos de transferência de tecnologia privilegiados na relação entre o IPS e as empresas. Identificar e compreender as principais motivações, restrições e benefícios de uma colaboração mais intensa entre o IPS e as empresas do Distrito de Setúbal. Analisar o impacto da transferência de tecnologia na capacidade de inovação das empresas.

 

Metodologia: Inquérito por questionário, enviado eletronicamente às 800 maiores empresas do distrito de setúbal em 2013. Técnicas utilizadas - testes a médias entre grupos LSD e Fischer e análise de regressão logística, escalas de Likert, inferência estatística.

Limitações: Aplicação do questionário às 800 maiores empresas e não a todo o universo empresarial do Distrito. Concentração numa região específica do território. Incapacidade de controlar a posição organizacional do respondente.

Resultados: O padrão de cooperação entre o IPS e as empresas do Distrito de Setúbal assenta essencialmente nas médias e grandes empresas, entre 5 a 10 anos de idade, e que normalmente possuem estruturas de I&D. As empresas que cooperam com o IPS parecem apresentar uma propensão a inovar quando comparadas com as que não cooperam. As principais motivações das empresas que cooperam com o IPS assentam no acesso ao estado da arte e na partilha de riscos.

 

Implicações: As IES devem estruturar um plano detalhado de relacionamento com as empresas e afetar os recursos necessários para este projeto. As empresas devem investir mais na cooperação com as IES.

 

Originalidade/Valor: Estudo exploratório fulcral para promover uma maior cultura de cooperação e inovação no distrito de Setúbal, bem como um maior desenvolvimento económico-social da região.

 



[ENG]

Title: "Knowledge transfer and innovation dynamics in the university business relationship - the case of Setúbal Polytechnic"

Abstract

Purpose: Analyze and understand how the IPS cooperates with companies in the region, and assess the impact of knowledge flows in innovation capacity of firm.

 

Specific goals: Draw a profile of companies that cooperates with IPS;Understand knowledge flows more used between IPS and firms;Analyse the impact of knowledge transfer between IPS and companies, and the influence in their innovation capacity;Identify and understand the main motivations, constraints and benefits of a more intense collaboration between IPS and the companies in the District of Setúbal;

Methodology: Survey by eletronic questionnaire, using Likert scale, applied to the 800 largest companies in the Setúbal district; Statistcs technics used; testing means between LSD and Fischer groups and logistic regression analysis,  Likert scales and statistical inference.

Research limitations: Convenience sample of 800 biggest companies and not all the universe; Concentration in one region of the country; Impossibility to control the position of the respondent in the organization

Results: Medium and large companies, between five and ten years old, with R&D departments are more keen to cooperate with IPS; Firms that cooperate with IPS seems to show a higher propensity to innovate that others that do not cooperate; Main motivations to cooperate are related with access to novel knowledge produced in the Academia and with sharing risks.

Pratical implications: HEI should design and implement a detailed plan devoted to cooperation with firms; Firms should reinforce the cooperation with HEI

Originality / value: Fudamental exploratory study to promote greater culture of cooperation and innovation in Setúbal district,as well as greater economic and social development of the region.


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References


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