El Efecto de la Innovación en el Empleo: Análisis de las Empresas Cotizadas Españolas

Manuel Angel Nogueira Moreiras, Sara Fernández López, Milagros Vivel Búa

Abstract


Resúmen

Objetivo: El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la influencia de la innovación en el crecimiento del empleo durante el período 2004-2014 centrándose en las empresas españolas cotizadas.

Metodología: Este trabajo usa la regresión cuantílica para datos de panel como método de estimación.

Resultados: Nuestros resultados revelan que, aunque la innovación influye en el crecimiento del empleo, su repercusión depende en gran medida de la orientación comercial que tenga la empresa y, por extensión, el respaldo del mercado. De este modo, la persistencia en la innovación podría ser contraintuitiva para el empleo.

Originalidad: Este trabajo contribuye a la literatura existente a través de la utilización de indicadores de innovación nunca antes empleados por la literatura distinguiendo la I+D de activo de la I+D de la cuenta de resultados de las empresas analizadas, además a través de la utilización de la regresión cuantílica para datos de panel se estudia el comportamiento de la innovación a lo largo de toda la distribución de crecimiento, evitando los problemas de las estimaciones centradas en “la media”.

 

Palabras clave: Innovación; Crecimiento; Empleo; España; Regresión cuantílica; Datos de panel.

 

 

[ENG]

Title: "The Effect of Innovation in Employment: Analysis of Spanish Listed Companies"

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this work is to analyze the influence of innovation on employment growth during the 2004-2014 period, focusing on Spanish listed companies.

Methodology: This work uses quantile regression for panel data as an estimation method.

Results: Our results reveal that, although innovation influences the growth of employment, its impact depends largely on the commercial orientation of the company and, by extension, market support. In this way, persistence in innovation could be counterintuitive for employment.

Originality: This work contributes to the existing literature through the use of innovation indicators never before used by the literature, distinguishing the R&D of assets from the R&D of the income statement of the companies analyzed, also through The use of quantile regression for panel data studies the behavior of innovation throughout the entire distribution of growth, avoiding the problems of "average" estimates.


Keywords: Innovation; Increase; Job; Spain; Quantile regression; Panel data


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References


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