Ecosistema del emprendimiento tecnológico: una propuesta

Guillermo Andrés Zapata-Huamaní, Sara Fernández-Lopéz, Isabel Neira-Gómez

Abstract


Objetivo: Desarrollar una propuesta de ecosistema propio para el emprendimiento tecnológico (ET).

Diseño/metodología/enfoque: Partiendo del enfoque de ecosistemas, se sigue en un marco general el desarrollado por Isenberg (2011) para el emprendimiento de alto crecimiento. Para identificar los elementos propios que constituyen el ecosistema de ET hemos analizado estudios sobre determinantes regionales del ET, principalmente el de Venkataraman (2004) y Xue y Klein (2010).

Resultados: Como resultado hemos obtenido seis elementos: Compromiso gubernamental y empresarial, Disponibilidad de fuentes de financiamiento, Cambio idiosincrático, Soporte tecnológico, Reorientación formativa-laboral y Accesos a las redes de contacto y colaboración.

Originalidad/valor: El trabajo realiza la primera propuesta de ecosistema del ET. Ello representa un avance en la literatura centrada en ET al permitir tratar al contexto en su conjunto como determinante del ET, así como analizar los factores contextuales de forma sistemática. Además, supone un gran contribución para los responsables políticos que han de fomentar dicho emprendimiento en sus regiones puesto que, al identificar distintos factores que simultáneamente fomentan la creación de NEBT, podrán actuar sobre ellos de forma conjunta y conseguir mayores sinergias.

 

Palavras clave: Emprendimiento; emprendimiento tecnológico; Nueva Empresa de Base Tecnológica (NEBT); contexto; ecosistema.

 

 

[ENG]

Title: "Ecosystem of technological entrepreneurship: a proposal"

Abstract

Purpose: Develop an own ecosystem proposal for technological entrepreneurship (ET).

Design/methodology/approach: Based on the ecosystem approach, the one developed by Isenberg (2011) for high-growth entrepreneurship is followed in a general framework. To identify the elements that constitute the ecosystem of ET we have analyzed studies on regional determinants of ET, mainly that of Venkataraman (2004) and Xue and Klein (2010).

Results: As a result we have obtained six elements: Government and business commitment, Availability of funding sources, Idiosyncratic change, Technological support, Training-work reorientation and Access to contact and collaboration networks.

Originality/value: The work makes the first ET ecosystem proposal. This represents an advance in ET-centered literature by allowing the context as a whole to be treated as a determinant of ET, as well as to analyze contextual factors systematically. In addition, it is a great contribution for policy makers who have to promote such entrepreneurship in their regions since, by identifying different factors that simultaneously encourage the creation of NEBT, they can act on them together and achieve greater synergies.

 

Keywords: Entrepreneurship; technological entrepreneurship; New Technology Base Company (NEBT); context; ecosystem.

 


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References


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