Impacto das barreiras económico-financeiras na criação de novas organizações

António Oliveira, Orlando Lima Rua, Maria Clara Ribeiro

Abstract


Propósito: Este estudo tem como objetivo fundamental avaliar o impacto das barreiras económico-financeiras que condicionam a criação de novas organizações.

Metodologia/abordagem: Os dados foram recolhidos de uma amostra longitudinal de 1985 a 2006, composta por 323 observações individuais de um universo de 569 potenciais empreendedores de uma base de dados da Associação Nacional de Jovens Empresários (ANJE), tendo adotado uma abordagem metodológica quantitativa com recurso a técnicas de estatística descritiva e inferencial.

Resultados: Os resultados permitem concluir que 69.0% dos inquiridos não criaram qualquer tipo de organização e destes 85.2% alegaram as barreiras económico-financeiras como justificação, contrariando os resultados que se esperavam, tendo em conta os Relatórios GEM Portugal. Evidencia-se, ainda, a importância da intervenção do Estado, sendo estatisticamente relevante o efeito, fortemente penalizador, no número de novas organizações criadas após a reposição das barreiras. Conclui-se finalmente, que as barreiras económico-financeiras têm impacto, estatisticamente significativo, em função do maior ou menor envolvimento do indivíduo no processo, no tempo necessário para criar a organização, na estrutura de financiamento e da maior ou menor disponibilidade de fontes de financiamento pessoal.

Limitações da investigação: Amostra por conveniência respeitante exclusivamente a base de dados nacional da ANJE.

Implicações práticas: Fornece orientações aos indivíduos com intenção empreendedora para a necessidade de encontrar fontes de financiamento que lhes possibilitem ultrapassar as barreiras económico-financeiras, assim como, fundamentação para a alteração das orientações políticas e institucionais de apoio ao desenvolvimento e promoção do empreendedorismo em Portugal.

Originalidade/valor: Estudo pioneiro em Portugal que, face à sua natureza e amplitude, estimula o estudo desta problemática.

 

Palavras chave: Ação empreendedora, entrepreneurial intention-action gap, barreiras económico-financeiras, remoção de barreiras.

 

 

[ENG]

Title: "Impact of economic and financial barriers on the creation of new organizations"

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the impact of economic and financial barriers that condition the creation of new organizations.

Methodology/approach: Data were collected from a longitudinal sample from 1985 to 2006, consisting of 323 individual observations from a universe of 569 potential entrepreneurs from a database of the National Association of Young Entrepreneurs (ANJE) and adopted a quantitative methodological approach. using descriptive and inferential statistics techniques.

Results: The results show that 69.0% of respondents did not create any type of organization and of these 85.2% claimed economic and financial barriers as justification, contrary to the expected results, taking into account the GEM Portugal Reports. It is also evident the importance of State intervention, and the statistically significant impact on the number of new organizations created after the barriers were replaced. Finally, it is concluded that the economic and financial barriers have a statistically significant impact, due to the greater or lesser involvement of the individual in the process, the time required to create the organization, the funding structure and the greater or lesser availability of sources of funding. personal financing.

Limitations: Sample for convenience concerning the ANJE national database only.

Implications: Provides guidance to individuals with entrepreneurial intent on the need to find funding sources that will enable them to overcome economic and financial barriers, as well as the rationale for changing the political and institutional guidelines to support entrepreneurship development and promotion in Portugal.

Originality/value: A pioneering study in Portugal that, given its nature and breadth, stimulates the study of this problem.

 

Keywords: Entrepreneurial action, entrepreneurial intention-action gap, economic and financial barriers, removal of barriers.


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