Historical landmarks of decent work

Tania Ferraro, Nuno Rebelo Dos Santos, Leonor Pais, Lisete Mónico

Abstract


Purpose: this article systemizes the main historical milestones which led to the current concept of decent work and presents some implications for business.

Approach: after presenting the scenario which gives a special meaning and importance to decent work, the historical landmarks are systematized until the definition of the Decent Work Agenda.

Findings: Decent work is a concept that has evolved since the ILO Foundation in 1919 and had several important steps throughout its development: Philadelphia Declaration in 1944, ILO constitution update in 1946, Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, Human Development Report, first edition in 1990, World Summit for Social Development in 1995, ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work in 1998, World Economic Forum in 1999, Global Compact in 2000, United Nations Millennium Declaration in 2000, ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization in 2008, Global Jobs Compact in 2009, and inclusion in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Throughout this development we can witness the refinement and operationalization of the concept, its institutionalization and its spread at political level, at least as an intention.

Practical implications: the business area is a privileged forum to turn policies into practices and some examples are provided.

Value: although decent work emerged in a very different social and economic scenario from the present time, it is claimed to be even more topical and relevant for the development of business and society today.

 

 Keywords: business ethics, business management, decent work, human rights, workplace relations

 

 

[PT]

Título: "Marcos históricos do trabalho decente"

Resumo

Objetivos: este artigo sistematiza os principais marcos históricos que levaram ao conceito atual de trabalho decente e apresenta algumas implicações para os negócios.

Desenho/metodologia/abordagem: após apresentar o cenário que confere significado e importância especiais ao trabalho decente, os marcos históricos são sistematizados até a definição da Agenda do Trabalho Decente.

Resultados: Trabalho decente é um conceito que evoluiu desde a Fundação da OIT em 1919 e teve várias etapas importantes ao longo de seu desenvolvimento: Declaração da Filadélfia em 1944, atualização da Constituição da OIT em 1946, Declaração Universal dos Direitos Humanos em 1948, Relatório do Desenvolvimento Humano, primeira edição em 1990, Cúpula Mundial para o Desenvolvimento Social em 1995, Declaração da OIT sobre Princípios e Direitos Fundamentais no Trabalho em 1998, Fórum Econômico Mundial em 1999, Pacto Global em 2000, Declaração do Milênio das Nações Unidas em 2000, Declaração da OIT sobre Justiça Social para uma Globalização Justa em 2008, o Global Jobs Compact em 2009 e a inclusão na Agenda 2030 para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável. Ao longo desse desenvolvimento, podemos testemunhar o refinamento e operacionalização do conceito, sua institucionalização e sua disseminação no nível político, pelo menos como uma intenção.

Implicações: a área de negócios é um fórum privilegiado para transformar políticas em práticas e alguns exemplos são fornecidos.

Originalidade/valor: embora o trabalho decente tenha emergido em um cenário social e econômico muito diferente do tempo atual, afirma-se ser ainda mais atual e relevante para o desenvolvimento dos negócios e da sociedade atualmente.

 

Palavras-chave: ética nos negócios, gestão de negócios, trabalho decente, direitos humanos, relações no local de trabalho.



 


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